Introduce students to the practice of reflection as a way to engage moral character through decision making that is human-centered and considers new perspectives.
- Ask students to take time for reflection at least once every quarter of the school year.
- Begin by asking students to think of a challenging situation they are trying to work through or a decision they are trying to make. Then, ask students to choose one set of questions below and respond to them in writing.
- Remind students to be honest in their responses as this reflection is for them, and it is meant to help them grow as individuals.
- Next, have students review what they wrote and consider the following questions: Has your perspective shifted? Did your response bring up any additional questions to explore? Based on your reflection, are there any changes you can make in your life right now? If applicable, commit to making one change.
- Have students share out loud whether they found the reflection process helpful. If so, why? If not, why not?
- One step further: If it’s comfortable for them, encourage students to ask teachers or peers for input in order to broaden their perspective.
Question Set 1
- What is my mission or vision?
- How am I aligning my choices with my mission or vision?
Possible use: when deciding how much time to spend studying or what college to apply to
Question Set 2
- What are my values?
- How are my values reflected in my decisions?
Possible use: When deciding whether to go along with your friends’ idea for how to spend the evening
Question Set 3
- What are my biases?
- Do I acknowledge the bias I bring to this situation, or am I taking action to remove that bias?
Possible use: when deciding which students you want to get to know better or when voting for a class representative
Question Set 4
- What do others need from me in this situation?
- How might I contribute in a way that is fair, equitable, and just?
Possible use: when working on a group project
Question Set 5
- What emotions am I feeling?
- How are my emotions in this situation connected to my values?
Possible use: when you feel stressed or overwhelmed at school
Question Set 6
- How am I practicing (and encouraging the practice of) love and care?
- What are the consistent opportunities and practices that I set in place that encourage the development of authentic relationships?
Possible use: when making a decision about a school club you help lead or a group you are a part of
Question Set 7
- How am I being empathetic towards myself and others?
- How can I support others in connecting with their identity and interests?
Possible use: when responding to peers who are going through a challenging time
Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College Principled Innovation, Arizona State University